There are many different positions and titles in the medical world. And while the number of different doctors can be confusing, there is one particular field of medicine that you need to be very familiar with. Internal medicine is a specialized field of medicine that primarily handles anything to do with your digestive system. This can also include your sleep patterns as well as ailments such as arthritis. This field is a very specialized field that requires postgraduate education. The individuals that carry this distinction are very educated and very capable of handling the many different diseases and difficulties that you may have. The following guide is going to attempt to explain what internal medicine is all about and why it is so important.As previously mentioned, internal medicine is a postgraduate level of medicine. This field of study and practice is very specialized and requires a deft touch and a keen eye. This field of medicine is also very demanding. It is important to understand the distinction between an intern and an internist. Internal medicine faculty is often referred to as internist. They are in no way an intern.Perhaps one of the most specialized fields in the internal medicine category is cardiology. This refers to the heart and this is a very delicate area that requires special training. Cardiology has many different areas to understand. An example of the type of difficulties that an internal medicine cardiologist can face is heart attack, arrhythmia, and myopathy. These are all very serious issues that require different levels of medicine and care. Heart attack can be fatal, as can many other ailments, and can often lead to other serious issues. Issues such as myopathy are related to the inner workings of the heart and can often require surgeries.Another common that internist will tackle is called endocrinology. The endocrine system of your body refers to the hormone release and levels throughout your body. This is a very common issue found in women, although men are regular patients as well. The endocrine system can range from testosterone levels to estrogen levels, and anything in between. The thyroid also falls into this category and is a very common issue with people having weight difficulties. Endocrine system management is very serious and also requires a specialized touch.Internist also handles issues related to sports medicine; sleep disorders, as well as organ transplant. With such a wide field of study it is easy to understand and see that internal medicine is a very important field. It is also important to know that an internal medicine doctor can serve as a primary care physician but they are usually not family doctors.
Meaning and Origin Unani means medicines which are a symbol of life. The name is derived from the word ‘Ionian’ which originated in Greece. ‘Tibb’ means the knowledge of the states of the human body in health and decline of health, or in other words, medicine. ‘Tibb-E-Unani’, is hence an age old, time tested system of medicine dating back 5000 years to Greece.Unani medicine, like any other form of medical science strives to find the best possible ways by which a person can lead a healthy life with the least or zero sickness. It prescribes drugs, diet, drinks and other regiments including codes of conduct which are conducive to the maintenance and promotion of positive health, as well as the prevention and cure of disease. The ultimate aim of these scientific prescriptions and prohibitions is the creation of a healthy society.Traditional systems of medicine are no doubt prevalent in various countries of the world. But most of these are empirical. On the other hand, Unani and its allied branches have rational and scientific basic principles. It is distinct from other branches of medicine, as the drugs it uses are natural in their sources and forms. It emphasizes on retaining natural compounds which belong to the human body, and hence prescribes only natural remedies. Unani medicine believes that diseases can be kept at bay by the use of clean and fresh water, breathing clean air and consuming fresh food. Likewise, a balance should be maintained between the mind and the body so that the metabolic process can take place easily and the body waste evacuated. Unani medicine also believes that all life forms have originated from the sea. Branches There are eight specialized branches of Unani medicine -• Internal medicine (Moalijat)
• Gynecology including Obstetrics and Pediatrics
• Diseases of the head and neck
• Rejuvenation Therapy including Geriatrics
• Regimental Therapy
• Hydrotherapy Description According to the Unani discipline as it stands today, the human body is composed of 7 natural and basic components called ‘Umoor e Tabaiyah’ which is responsible for maintenance of health.These are: -• Arkan (Elements)
• Mizaj (Temperament)
• Akhlaat (Humours)
• Aaza (Organs)
• Arwah (Vital forces or Neuro)
• Quwa (Faculties)
• Afaal (Functions)The loss of any one of these basic components or alteration in their physical state could lead to disease, or even death. It is highly essential to consider all these factors so as to reach the correct diagnosis and consequently the correct line of treatment.
The Unani physicians describe that there is a special ability hidden in every individual called the defensive mechanism of the body or in the language of Unani – ‘Tabiyat-e-Muddabare Badan’. The ‘Tabiyat’ may be defined as the sum total structural function and psychological character of the human being. The ‘Tabiyat’ or nature is the best physician, and maintains the equilibrium of the four humours or ‘Akhlat’.
Their quantity and quality should be as per the natural chemical composition of the body.The UNANI System of addressing whole health considers illness as an event serving to clean, purify, and balance us on the physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual planes.Allah (The one God of All) says in the Quran “There may be a thing decreed for you that you do not like that are good for you; and things that you like that are not good for you.” Imam al-Ghazzali (r.a.) expressed this idea as follows: “Illness is one of the forms of experience by which humans arrive at a knowledge of God; as He says, ‘Illnesses are my servants which I attached to My chosen friends.'” Just because something feels “good” does not necessarily mean it is of ultimate benefit to us. And conversely, if we have a moment of pain, we cannot dismiss this experience as “bad” without understanding how and what the result of these sensations will be. A “Healing Crisis” is the natural function of the body eliminating toxins: Vomiting, Nosebleeds, Diarrhea, Fevers, Sweating, and Frequent Urination these are avenues to full health.While admitting the existence of microbes, the UNANI Tibb system maintains that it is the original imbalance of temperament that provides an altered biotic environment in which the viruses and bacteria can thrive. Treatments of killing off microbes can provide a temporary “cure”, but without restoring the humor to its proper balance, the disease will recur. So, the UNANI Tibb System is one of seeking balance between the Humors of the body and the temperament, mainly through proper metabolism of the bodies’ nourishment. Obstacles in Unani medicine Although a complete system of treatment, the Unani system, similar to other systems of medicine, has drawbacks in terms of application and effectiveness. The vast materia medica, from herbal and animal to mineral sources, as described in ancient Unani textbooks, is sometimes so vague that authenticity must be established by modern pharmacognostic assessments (by means of a basic, descriptive pharmacology) before medicines can be put to use. In addition, the use in Unani medicine of precious stones and minerals, the chief ingredients of many polyformulations (medicines containing multiple ingredients), is expensive. These items often are unavailable as well, thereby hindering effective treatment.
The origins of alternative medicine, also known as holistic medicine, can be traced back thousands of years to the very roots of medicine. Many millennia ago, physicians or healers would assess the sick person’s emotional condition in addition to their physical symptoms before beginning treatment. The roots of alternative medicine deal with the symptoms of the “whole” person, not merely the physical signs of illness. This is radically different from traditional medicine today.In medicine today, people demand to be cured immediately, and the demand for medicines and treatments that do so is very high. Most physicians today are trained to assess physical symptoms and base treatments on that, without much consideration of the person’s emotional or intellectual state.Since its inception, this has survived the ages and stages of the field of medicine. Despite the prevalence of modern medical practices, there are still millions of people worldwide that take advantage of alternative treatments for ailments or well-being. Some of these alternative treatments include massage therapy, herbal remedies, and meditation. Massage is one of the most long-standing forms of alternative treatment, and it is highly popular today as a treatment for aches and pains, and as a means of stress release and relaxation. Most people probably don’t even think about massage as a type of alternative medicine.Through the ages, every society has used their own forms of medicine and treatments. There is over 5000 years of history and many types of treatments that were used far and wide, and many traditional medical treatments can even find their roots in alternative medicine from long ago.Long ago in Europe, medical issues were treated by one of two types of healers, the physicians or the folk healers. The folk healers appealed to the poorer factions of society, in that they used natural treatments that were more affordable and easier to come by. Folk healers were often highly respected in these underprivileged sections of society. Folk healers often incorporated philosophy and religious faith into their healing practices, which helped to strengthen a sick person’s mind and spirit, as well as his body.Eventually, folk medicine evolved into the traditional medicine we are familiar with in today’s world. With each passing century, many great advances have been made in treatments and cures for various diseases and conditions.Despite the dominance of traditional medicine in the world today, there is still a place for alternative medicine. It is alive and well, and used by many people around the world through massage therapy, acupuncture, aromatherapy, herbal remedies, meditation, and many other forms of alternative treatments. Many physicians now support many of these treatments, making them less alternative.The origins of alternative medicine were very forward thinking. It has survived through the millennia because it has real validity, despite a great deal of ridicule through the ages. Though they do not have the immediate effect that many drugs and treatments of traditional medicine, they are a feasible option for a person to consider.